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Design as Scholarship
Patent Scenarios for the Mississippi River
Richard L. Hindle
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When considering patents, one may automatically recall some type of thing. Throughout the last six centuries of Western technological progress the conflation of manufacturing, mechanization, and patents has resulted in a distinct object-oriented bias toward things.Footnote1 However, a look back into the annals of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) through the contemporary lens of the Anthropocene reveals that large-scale environmental systems, such as rivers and coasts, are also represented in patents and have been subject to the iterative and projective forces of patent innovation.

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